1Rachid Lotfi, 1Fatiha Chigr, 1Mohamed Najimi
1Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Beni Mellal, Morocco
To analyze the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with multiple sclerosis disease in Morocco.
Material(s) and Method(s):
This study concerned a sample made up of 420 patients or 6% of the total population estimated by “Atlas of MS”, representing 7 regions of Morocco. In this descriptive study, we used the following methods: a survey through an anonymous questionnaire intended and distributed individually to patients, the collection of data through the admission registers at the level of public hospitals and the study of the files of patients who had a consultation with neurologists or had been hospitalized.
The obtained results, show that, patients with multiple sclerosis are characterized by female dominance (69.8%). In addition, this study showed that patients with this disease are generally young: their average age is 36.33 years. In addition, almost all of the patients (over 92%) are made up of age groups between 18 and 53 years old. Furthemore the results show that nearly 68.2% of the patients surveyed have a university level and more than half (55%) are single.
Finally, the results of this survey also show that nearly 80% of patients are unemployed, more than 77% have no medical coverage and 69% of the patients surveyed live without treatment. Regarding the date of diagnosis of the disease in these patients, it was between 1991 and 2021. However, almost of them (85%) were diagnosed between 2016 and 2021.
To conclude, we point out that we are in the process of completing this research by studying the other characteristics of this disease in Morocco, namely: the clinical and therapeutic characteristics, the risk factors linked to this disease, the quality of life of patients with this disease and the knowledge of health personnel in Morocco on this patholology.